The four sacred months in Islam are Dhul-Qa’dah, Dhul-Hijjah, Muharram and Rajab. Muhrram is described as “the month of Allah” and this indicates the respect that the month of Muharram deserves.
“Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allah on the day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them, four are sacred [(i.e. the first, the seventh, the 11th and the 12 months]. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein.” [Surah al-Tawbah 9:36]
Muharram has been a sacred month since revealed and it is one of the months that Allah has blessed.
The Prophet (SAW) said the best fasting after the month of Ramadan is the fasting of Muharram (the month of Allah SWT).
It is highly recommended to fast as much as possible during Muharram (though fasting the whole month is reserved for Ramadan only). The Messenger of Allah (SWT) said, ‘The best fasting after Ramadan is the Sacred Month of Allah (Muharram)’ (Muslim).
There is no specific recommendation to pay your Zakat in Muharram. There is no prohibition to get married in Muharram. In addition, it has the virtue of fasting Ashura, which is the tenth of Muharram.
On the authority of Ibn Abbas, he said: When the Prophet came to Medina and found the Jews fasting on the day of Ashura, the Prophet said to them: “What is this day that you fast? They said: This is a great day on which God saved Moses and his people and drowned Pharaoh and his people. So, Moses fasted on it, thank you, so we fast it.” The Prophet said We, are more deserving and more entitled of Moses than you, so the Prophet fasted and commanded his fast.
The Prophet (SAW) stated: “For fasting the day of Ashura, I hope that Allah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before.” Thus on fasting the day of Ashura every Muslim hopes that Allah (SWT) will forgive your previous year sins.
The tenth day of Muharram is known as the Day of Ashura. Ashura is traced as far back as the Prophet Musa (AS) and it was a Sunnah of our Prophet Muhammad (SAW).
The martyrdom of Hussain ibn Ali (RA), the grandson of the Prophet (SAW) happened in the month of Muharram however there is no connection between his death and the day of Ashura.
May Allah (swt) enable us to fast in this blessed month and give us a year of prosperity and happiness, Ameen.
About the Author
Dr. Mohamed Ali Ahdash is MCEC Palmers Green Mosque’s Senior Imam. He is available from Fridays to Sundays from Asr onwards. Dr. Ahdash is a lawyer and an expert in Islamic studies. He is the author of Copyright in Islamic Law. He studied Law at the University of Benghazi, Libya for his first degree coupled with a traditional education (IJAZA) in Islamic studies and Arabic. He then studied for a diploma’s degree in Islamic and Arabic Studies at the University of Tripoli, Libya. He worked as a lawyer,a researcher and a lecturer. He obtained a Master of Law from SOAS, University of London and PhD in Islamic Law, from the University of Wales, Lampeter. His research interests include Law, Islamic studies and Culture, history, political issues of MENA.